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Pinebarren Goldenrod       Solidago fistulosa

The Pinebarren Goldenrod is found on the southeastern coastal plain of the United States from Louisiana to New Jersey.  Of the 21 species of Goldenrod found in Florida, the Pinebarren Goldenrod is one of the more common species and is found throughout the state.  It inhabits dry pinelands, woodlands, and dry or sandy sites.

Like most of the Goldenrod species, it is a perennial herb.  It starts growing in the spring and reaches maturity in the fall.  It typically grows to a height of 4-6 feet. The stems are pubescence, that is, covered with short, soft hairs.  The leaves are elliptical in shape and range from 2-4 inches long and 0.5-1 inch wide.  They are slightly toothed and are attached directly to the stem without a supporting stalk.  It is common to find the leaves leaning upwards like they are clasping the stem.

Bright yellow flowers grow on one-sided branches in a terminal inflorescence, triangular in shape.  The composite flowers have both ray flowers and disc flowers.  The ray flowers are the petals.  The disc flowers in the center are quite small averaging about 0.1 inch in diameter.  Each disc flower has petals, a pistil and stamens.  These flowers normally bloom in the fall, during the months of October and November.

Goldenrods can reproduce by two different methods.  One is from seeds produced by the flowers.  The second is from rhizomes (horizontal underground stems) and suckers.  Some species produces rhizomes slowly and other are more aggressive.  The Pinebarren Goldenrod produces large numbers of rhizomes and suckers aggressively in all directions.  Thus, this species is usually seen in dense patches and is seldom seen as a solitary plant.

Bees, butterflies and other pollinators are attracted to this plant for its nectar.  

The photos on this page were taken in Deep Creek in Charlotte County. Additional information on this plant may be found by clicking on the following links:

     Atlas of Florida Plants

     USDA PLANTS Database

      Lady Bird Johnson Wildlife Center