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Helmet Skullcap Scutellaria integrifolia

The range distribution maps for the Helmet Skullcap are from the Plants Database of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).

The Helmut Skullcap is also known by several other names, including Helmet Flower, Rough Skullcap and Tall Skullcap.  It is found throughout much of the eastern U.S. From New York to Missouri to Texas.  In Florida, it is found in the Panhandle and the northern and central parts of the Peninsula.

This plant is a short-lived perennial that has a square hairy erect stem that grows to a height of 12-24 inches.  The leaves are opposite and mostly linear lanceolate.  The further up the stem, the leaves become narrower and longer, reaching a length of 2 inches.

The bluish lavender flowers grow in loose elongated clusters near the top of the stem. The individual flowers are about 0.5 inch long.  The fused petals form a hood above the lower lip while the lip itself has a distinctive white spot.

Their habitat includes flatwoods, sandhills and ruderal areas.  They are an early bloomer, starting in April and continuing through July.

The images on this page were taken in Deep Creek, Charlotte County.