Barred Owls are breeding residents of much of eastern North America. They do not migrate; in fact, they do not move around much, staying within a few miles of their home. However, they are slowly expanding their range into the Pacific northwest.
In Florida, this species breeds throughout most of the state. However, they are usually not found in the Everglades, the agricultural areas south of Lake Okeechobee, and the lower Keys. This is probably due to lack of suitable habitat. Their breeding season extends from December to April.