The Limpkin is found mostly in warm parts of the Americas from Florida to northern Argentina. This species takes some localized migrations, although the extent of these is not well understood. In some parts of the northern portion of the range, females (and a few males) will leave the breeding areas at the end of the summer, returning at the end of winter. There may be some migration between Florida and Cuba.
The Limpkin is found throughout most of Florida, especially in the central and southern regions of the peninsula. Nesting usually occurs from February through June. Most Limpkins are year-