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Common Buckeye     Junonia coenia

The Common Buckeye is named for the target-shaped eyespots on their wings.  It is quite common across the southern United States and much of Mexico.  During the summer, many adults migrate northward, temporarily populating much of the United States and southern Canada.  In Florida, it can be found year round in all 67 counties.

This species is a medium-sized butterfly having a wing span around 2 inches.  It is very easy to identify because of the eyespots.  The upper surface of the forewing has two eyespots and two orange bars.  There is a broad white postmedian band that touches and often encircles the larger eyespot.  The upper surface of the hind wing also has two eyespots with the larger one having a magenta crescent.

These butterflies are most often found around open, sunny landscapes, such as old fields, utility corridors, roadsides, parks, scrubs and weedy lots.  Host plants for their caterpillars include Bluehearts, Plantain, Toadflax, Turkey Tangle Fogfruit and Twinfruit.

The upper left image was taken in Brevard County.  The upper right image was taken at Ollie’s Pond in Charlotte County.  The lower left image was taken in Deep Creek, also in Charlotte County.